Capital adequacy framework, funds allocation strategy and financial performance of deposit taking Sacco’s in Kenya
Ng`eno, John Cheruiyot
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This study was aimed at establishing the relationship between capital adequacy framework and financial performance of deposit taking savings and credit cooperatives societies in Kenya. There is a declining trend of deposit taking SACCOs in Kenya. In 2016,164 SACCOs were licensed to operate as deposit taking SACCOs in Kenya. The study intention was to conduct a census survey but the responses were less. Only 111 deposit taking societies responded. The government had introduced various legislations attempting to streamline the operations of cooperative entity. Sustainability of cooperative movement depends on various factors one of which being capital adequacy. In this study the influence of six dimensions of capital adequacy framework namely: internal financing, external financing, portfolio selection, credit management, risk management and managerial capability was examined. A descriptive survey was conducted using questionnaires to collect data from the respondents. Pilot survey was conducted on 12 deposit taking SACCOs to ensure that questionnaire serve the intended purpose. Data analysis was carried out using both descriptive and inferential statistics with the aid of statistical package for social sciences (SPSS 23). Correlation and regression analysis were used to establish the relationship between research variables. It was found that internal financing, credit management; portfolio selection, risk management and managerial capability had positive effect on financial performance of deposit taking SACCOs in Kenya. This means that as the five variables increase then financial performance will be increase. External financing had negatively influenced on the financial performance. With prudent external financing, deposit taking SACCOs will attain favourable outcome. Funds allocation was found to have a significant moderating influence on the relationship between capital adequacy framework and financial performance. Hypotheses were tested at 5 percent significance level. The null hypotheses were rejected and it was established that capital adequacy framework and moderating variables influenced significantly financial performance. It is recommended that focus on capital adequacy framework will enhance financial performance of deposit taking SACCOs in Kenya.