Utilization of Service Charters in Public Hospitals in Kenya: A Case of Thika Level 5 Hospital, Kiambu County
Masese, Charles Onyambu
Tenambergen, Wanja Mwaura
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Service delivery in government health facilities in Kenya still faces multiple challenges. These challenges can still be identified ten years down the line since the introduction of Service Charter. The objective of the study was to assess how the service charter utilization would influence health service delivery in Thika Level 5 Hospital (TL5H) in Kiambu County. Cross sectional study design was employed. Quantitative data was collected using questionnaires. A sample size of 156 technical employees of TL5H and patients participated in this study. Collected data was edited, coded, and entered into the computer using the Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS v 23). The respondents strongly agreed that the hospital charter content is not viewed annually creating unfriendly services (mean 1.73, SD 0.97), (mean 1.74, SD 0.997) indicated the respondents strongly agreed that the service charter is not clearly understood by the majority of patients informing them of their rights when seeking services. The respondents disagreed that the hospital management is always active in monitoring performance and playing the oversight duty according to the SC (mean 2.19, SD 1.20) on whether failure to utilize the service charter may lead to deterioration of quality and equity of healthcare, the respondents agreed (mean 2.05, SD 1.54). Most of the respondents strongly agreed there is availability of support for the service charter (Mean 1.72, SD 0.93), while the respondents also indicated that the waiting time has not improved despite the availability of service charter (Mean 2.98, SD 1.09). The study also established that there was uncertainty in the amount of waiting time in TL5H (Mean 1.775, SD 0.91). The channels used for communication were not clear (Mean 1.993, SD 1.12) while the communication at TL5H does not ensure clarity on issues (Mean 1.9, SD 1.07) while the respondent agreed on communication at TL5H was not always done to get commitment from staff (Mean 1.923, SD 1.047) and there was inadequate open communication of most issues at TL5H (Mean 1.846, SD 1.075). The study recommends that 1) TL5H should improve the contents of the service charter to make it clear, to ensure that the patients fully understand the contents, 2) there should be proper monitoring of the members of staff to ensure that the service charter is fully implemented to minimize the amount of complaints by patients, 3) the service charter contents should be embedded in the organization culture to ensure that is fully and properly implemented to the satisfaction of the service users.
International Journal of Scientific and Research Publication