Analysis of Factors Influencing Implementation of Anticorruption Strategies by Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission in Kenya
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Corruption has had major worldwide monetary, social and political repercussions, resulting to drained economies and breakdown of administrative and operational frameworks, dwindling public trust, bringing about scorn for the standard of law, mutilating the allotment of assets, and subverting rivalry in the commercial center. This study was set out to analyze factors influencing implementation of anti-corruption strategies at Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission. It was conducted in EACC headquarters at integrity centre in Nairobi. The objectives of the study were: to determine the relationship of financial factors, human capital, managerial competencies and implementation of anti-corruption strategies. This study was guided by two theories namely: the Noble‘s strategic implementation model and the white collar crime theories. This study used a case study exploration design. Employees of Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission in key departments were targeted. A sample of 85 was used. Stratified random sampling was used. The questionnaire was self-administered. The validity and reliability of the instrument were confirmed by pr-testing. SPSS was used to evaluate the data using descriptive statistics and regression analysis. It was discovered throughout the research that anti-corruption measures were being implemented ineffectively. The analysis revealed that the EACC's inability to adopt anti-corruption tactics was due to a lack of resources. There was lack of integrity at EACC. Results showed that EACC had a good institutional framework a fair stakeholder support in the implementation of anti-corruption strategies. All the independent variables were significant. Regression analysis showed that stakeholder support was the most affecting variable. The study concluded that there is inadequate resource allocation, lack of integrity and insufficient stakeholder support are responsible for poor implementation of anti-corruption strategies at EACC. The study recommended that national assembly of Kenya should allocate more financial resources to EACC to enhance the capacity of the agency. The study also recommended that the agency should align its framework with the latest recommendations of The International Organization Convention on Corruption. EACC should also adopt a stakeholder engagement plan to enable greater public participation and civil society engagement in fighting corruption.